Since MiFID II’s research unbundling rules came into force in January 2018, the ‘value’ of research has become a pressing question. The regulatory intention being to eliminate any practice of inducements to utilise execution services by setting explicit fees for the distribution and receipt of research materials.
Despite the rapid uptake of algorithmic trading and execution within all cash-centric capital markets globally since 2010, wide-ranging use of transparent, unbiased transaction cost analysis (TCA) services and software applications within electronic cash FX trading specifically remains problematic for buyside firm currencies liquidity consumers and sellside institution currencies liquidity providers.
Prior to the onset of the financial crisis and the subsequent wave of resulting global re-regulation, the majority of bonds and swaps trading activity within small-to-medium-sized asset management firms, hedge funds and wealth management firms was a game of dependencies.
In 2018, from an asset management firm or long-only institutional investor perspective, the time to await change in the fixed income market has passed; not only has significant change occurred, but it continues to change at a rapid pace.
Within the asset management industry, the recent rise in pure passive investing, based on traditional cap-weighted indices, is set to slow down in the near-future as more investors seek to diversify their portfolios while earning cheap alpha returns at near-beta fees.
The European Securities and Markets Authority’s (ESMA) May 2 announcement that 220 of the 71,000 corporate credit and government bonds traded in the EU during Q1 2018 were deemed liquid came as little surprise to any of the market’s participants, globally.
When considering the potential impact that the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) could have on the entirety of the bloc’s corporate economic sector, look no further than the findings of an April 2017 Veritas survey in which 20% of the 900 respondents – characterised as “senior business decision makers” – expressed concern that, globally, non-compliance could put them out of business.
The growing ability of non-bank spot FX liquidity providers to service client demand in the marketplace came to the fore in 2016’s Euromoney annual spot FX volumes survey results, which showed that the amount of currencies volume supplied by the top-five market-makers was falling when compared to the ability of one proprietary trading firm – XTX Markets – that provides pricing to dealer-to-client currencies (D2C) venues.
While beta is a measure of a fund’s or product’s relative volatility compared to the market as a whole, smart beta is the categorisation of strategies using rule-based screens to attempt to outperform the market, as opposed to the capitalisation-weighted indexes used by passive funds.
Exploring why and how buyside firms must appraise their current outlay of trade and transaction order and execution management systems used to generate regulatory reporting data in the EU as well as the technology debt associated with any legacy systems.